AHURI BRIEF

Census data shows fall in home ownership

Outright home owners fell 10 percentage points between 1991 and 2016

Last updated 3 Aug 2017

The 2016 Census reveals the proportion of home owners (i.e. those who either owned their home outright or were still buying) dropped from 68.6 per cent of all households in 1991 to 65.5 per cent in 2016. The biggest change during this time period was a fall of 10 percentage points in outright home owners between 1991 and 2016, and an increase of nearly 7 percentage points in the proportion of households paying off their mortgage.

Figure 1 clearly shows the biggest changes for both these categories occurred between the 2001 and 2006 Censuses.

The proportion of households renting in the private market increased by over 7 percentage points during the 25-year time frame 1991–2016, while the proportion in social housing (which includes public and community housing) dropped from 7.1 per cent of all Australian households to 4.2 per cent.

Figure 1. Census Australia housing tenure data 1991–2016

Graph - change in tenure type 1991-2016
Source: 1991 Census Australia. Basic community profile. (Table 37); 1996 Census Australia. Basic community profile. (Table B25); 2001 Census Australia. Basic community profile. (Table B19); 2006 Census Australia. Basic community profile. (Table B32); 2011 Census Australia. Basic community profile. (Table B32); 2016 Census Australia. Basic community profile. (Table G3).