The purpose of this glossary is to define terms commonly used in our research. It is a reference to familiarise you with housing-specific terms in our publications and on our website.
This glossary is limited to terms and acronyms most used by Australian academics and governments.
All entries are listed in alphabetical order, including acronyms (which are cross-referenced with their corresponding definition.) Click on the appropriate letter to see listing.
If you have any comments or feedback on this glossary, please contact us.
The need for housing based on the number of households in the population.
Also see effective demand
The situation whereby a policy encourages a person (receiving a government benefit) to remain unemployed. Whilst some of this effect is due to the interaction of the income support and tax systems generally, there is an additional issue for public housing tenants. Payment of rents based on a percentage of household income means that one dollar of every four earned goes on extra rent up to the ceiling of market rents, unless states/territories have schemes to mitigate rent rises, at least temporarily, for people moving into work.