AHURI POLICY DEVELOPMENT

AHURI Briefs

Understanding of housing, homelessness and related urban issues

Summaries and explainers on topical policy issues drawing on the AHURI research evidence-base and the data available from Australian and international research.

Australian City Deals in focus

AHURI Brief

10 Aug 2020

Examining the key initiatives of the 9 current Australian city deals.

Understanding international ‘City Deals’ and other place-based deals

AHURI Brief

10 Aug 2020

Learning from the US, Canada, UK and France to inform Australian policy.

What is cities policy in Australia?

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

As Australia becomes more urbanised, the development of effective, evidence-based ‘cities policy’ is firmly on the national agenda.

Responding to the population dynamics driving Australian cities

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

Population dynamics in cities related to factors including economic opportunity, migration policy, changing demographic characteristics and patterns of household formation.

Creating places that support wellbeing and community participation

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

Place based approaches and community engagement: facilitating healthy, liveable, walkable, lively and inclusive cities.

Incorporating Indigenous knowledge and perspectives into the development of Australian cities

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

Recognition of traditional owners and their knowledge of Country, cultural values and traditions that influence urban design, and governance.

Enabling economic activity to thrive in Australia’s cities

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

Economic growth, agglomeration, and connectivity. Attracting human capital, facilitating innovation and participating in global markets.

Accommodating the diverse housing needs of city-dwellers

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

Coordinating planning and housing supply targets to deliver urban consolidation and renewal with diverse housing, including social and affordable housing.

Building cities whose form reflects the cultures, lifestyles and future needs of Australians

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

Built environment and urban design to preserve culture and heritage, and create cities with good cultural, health and environmental outcomes.

Managing the development, redevelopment and allocation of land for different uses in Australia’s cities

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

The development and use of land as an integral feature to accommodate the growing population of cities.

Providing infrastructure to support future Australian cities

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

Funding and delivery mechanisms social amenities including hospitals and schools and for the sustainable management of energy, water and waste.

Transporting people and goods efficiently across Australia’s cities

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

Infrastructure to facilitate the mobility of people and goods through different modes of transport, within and between cities.

Implementing environmental sustainability objectives in Australian cities now, and into the future

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

Climate change responses, transitioning to a zero-carbon built environment, protecting biodiversity, green space, and food and water resources.

Connecting Australia’s cities to technological and digital advancements

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

The development of smart cities which integrate physical, digital and human systems in the built environment, is changing the ways that people live and work in cities, re-shaping property markets, and the way our cities are built and governed.

Appraising the current metropolitan governance structures in Australia’s cities

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

The regulation and long term strategic planning for cities across local, state and Federal government and multiple agencies.

Global citizenship

AHURI Brief

27 Jul 2020

This Brief on ‘Global Citizenship’ aims to consider Australian cities within international policy frameworks and global networks between cities.

Examining the role of social housing landlords

AHURI Brief

22 Jul 2020

What are the responsibilities of landlords regarding tenant wellbeing?

COVID-19 mortgage stress creating uncertain housing futures

AHURI Brief

30 Jun 2020

Pandemic recession leaves households in mortgage stress and socio-economic hardship.

Did falling house prices during the GFC lead to more home buyers?

AHURI Brief

24 Jun 2020

Drawing conclusions from the last financial crisis to predict the impacts of the current one.

Will COVID-19 change the way we travel to and from work?

AHURI Brief

10 Jun 2020

As restrictions ease, how will we keep a safe distance from each other when commuting to our place of work?

COVID-19 reshaping Australian migration in Australia’s cities

AHURI Brief

10 Jun 2020

Measuring the effects of reduced migration caused by the pandemic.

Pandemic teaches longer term lessons in city living

AHURI Brief

26 May 2020

Examining the potential severity of long term impacts in city living due to the coronavirus in Australia.

What has COVID-19 revealed about the liveability of our homes and neighbourhoods?

AHURI Brief

12 May 2020

Exploring how the COVID-19 pandemic is revealing just how liveable, or otherwise, our homes and cities actually are.

Why building housing infrastructure after the pandemic can benefit Australia

AHURI Brief

6 May 2020

Exploring ways of stimulating the economy in the near future to increase jobs and spending by investing in housing construction.

Has the impact of COVID-19 on cities and housing affected the incidence of family violence?

AHURI Brief

5 May 2020

Examining local and international spikes in DFV cases or anticipated challenges as well as some of the policy responses to-date.

Unpacking the challenges in the rental market during COVID-19

AHURI Brief

22 Apr 2020

Examining the policy options and challenges for the rental market during the COVID-19 pandemic.

What is at stake for people experiencing homelessness during the coronavirus pandemic?

AHURI Brief

8 Apr 2020

Examining the particular challenges and policy responses for the homeless.

How is the coronavirus pandemic affecting housing policy in Australia?

AHURI Brief

1 Apr 2020

A look at government and sector responses to Covid-19 that impact housing, homelessness and cities policy.

Bushfires likely to increase the cost of living in regional Australia

AHURI Brief

11 Mar 2020

Examining the housing impacts of more dangerous bushfire seasons

Scrap stamp duty, replace with a universal land tax – what are the impacts?

AHURI Brief

6 Mar 2020

Modelling the removal of stamp duty and the imposition of a universal land tax.

Short stay accommodation regulation and legislation

AHURI Brief

3 Mar 2020

Understanding the differences in short stay accommodation regulations across Australia

Building on the Bushfire Royal Commissions of the past

AHURI Brief

2 Mar 2020

Examining housing recommendations from previous Victorian fires

What are social impact bonds?

AHURI Brief

21 Jan 2020

An update to Social Impact Bonds in Australia including Australia's first SIB focused on homelessness.

What does ‘Functional Zero’ mean in relation to homelessness?

AHURI Brief

21 Jan 2020

The origins of 'Functional Zero' in relation to homelessness and its use in Australia

What role can local government play in delivering affordable housing?

AHURI Brief

16 Jan 2020

Investigation into the role of local government areas (LGAs) in supporting the housing needs for low income 'key' workers.

Do younger and older Australian households want the same kind of housing?

AHURI Brief

10 Dec 2019

Aspirations of young and older Australians are framed around different experiences and goals

What’s needed to make ‘ageing in place’ work for older Australians

AHURI Brief

10 Dec 2019

Ageing in place is preferred by the majority of older Australians

Explaining demand side subsidies

AHURI Brief

27 Nov 2019

How do demand side housing assistance programs impact housing markets?

Understanding downsizing

AHURI Brief

27 Nov 2019

What are the different types of downsizing and how common is it?

The ‘tyranny of distance’ trapping Indigenous women in family violence

AHURI Brief

7 Nov 2019

Lack of resources in rural and remote areas causes difficulties for Indigenous women escaping DFV

Property dominates wealth of retired mortgagees

AHURI Brief

4 Nov 2019

Examining differences in wealth accumulation strategies post-GFC

Retiring with a mortgage affects mental health

AHURI Brief

17 Oct 2019

Australian retirees face mortgage repayment stress

When are Australians buying their first home?

AHURI Brief

2 Oct 2019

Examining trends in first home purchasing

More young adults staying home, for longer

AHURI Brief

1 Oct 2019

One third of young adults not living independently

What is the 'ideal home' for older Australians?

AHURI Brief

26 Aug 2019

Just what sort of dwelling and location make up the 'ideal home' for older Australians?

Growth in lower income rental households outpaces other households

AHURI News

23 Aug 2019

While the total number of households in Australia grew by 14.8 per cent, the number of lower income rental households increased by 25 per cent.

Can the Build to rent and Large corporate landlords sector supply housing for students?

AHURI Brief

6 Aug 2019

Could this form of student housing result in more professional service and greater standards of housing provision?

What is a Cost Benefit Analysis and how can it help evaluate infrastructure projects?

AHURI Brief

26 Jul 2019

For many infrastructure projects, policy makers rely on business case appraisals that incorporate cost-benefit analysis.

Understanding counter cyclical investment in social housing

AHURI Brief

26 Jul 2019

Understanding counter cyclical investing in social housing, where governments invest more in affordable housing supply during economic slowdowns.

How many people are relocating to Australia, and where?

AHURI Brief

22 Jul 2019

How many people are migrating to Australia, which regions are drawing the most migrants and how does this compare with the longer-term trend?

Understanding the links between mental health, housing and homelessness

AHURI Brief

8 Jul 2019

There is a complex two-way relationship between mental health, housing and homelessness.

Understanding the ‘residualisation’ of social housing

AHURI Brief

4 Jul 2019

Historic underinvestment and a chronic shortage of social housing has meant that Australia’s limited social housing stock is now targeted at those in greatest need.

How can shared equity schemes help people living with disability?

AHURI Brief

26 Jun 2019

For some people living with a disability shared home ownership schemes may be a viable housing option. Shared equity schemes involve the home buyer sharing the capital cost of purchasing a home with an equity partner.

Understanding the First Home Loan Deposit Scheme

AHURI Brief

30 May 2019

Targeted ‘low deposit’ support loans could help first home buyers

When is a dwelling considered ‘crowded’ and ‘severely crowded’?

AHURI Brief

30 May 2019

Defining crowding is important in determining social housing policy

What are the different types of homelessness

AHURI Brief

27 May 2019

Understanding the Australian Bureau of Statistics' (ABS) six categories of homelessness

Understanding the 30:40 indicator of housing affordability stress

AHURI Brief

23 May 2019

Comparing household income with housing costs

What is head leasing?

AHURI Brief

9 Apr 2019

One proposed solution to help low income and disadvantaged households access housing in the private rental sector is through ‘head leasing’

Understanding Build To Rent and Large Corporate Landlords

AHURI Brief

4 Apr 2019

Proposals to increase the supply of rental dwellings in Australia have included developing a ‘Build to rent’ and a Large Corporate Landlord sector. While these two sectors may share similarities, there is a subtle difference between them.

Why are young people on Commonwealth Rent Assistance experiencing Housing Affordability Stress?

AHURI Brief

7 Mar 2019

57.4 per cent of young people receiving CRA are in housing affordability stress

Are greyfield suburbs the key to housing our growing population?

AHURI Brief

7 Mar 2019

Precinct-level design can lead to better amenities for all residents

What are the main reasons people become AirBnB hosts?

AHURI Brief

7 Mar 2019

Platforms like Airbnb have brought about huge growth in short-term-letting (STL) practices

Understanding the funding gap for social housing and different ways to fund it

AHURI Brief

19 Feb 2019

What is a funding gap and what are the ways to fund it?

Where is the greatest need for social housing in Australia?

AHURI Brief

22 Jan 2019

Understanding the level and distribution of social housing need across Australia

What is the case reforming negative gearing and is it politically viable?

AHURI Brief

8 Nov 2018

Negative gearing reforms were modelled in AHURI’s recently completed Inquiry

Understanding the housing policy levers of Commonwealth, state and territory, and local government

AHURI Brief

27 Sep 2018

Australian jurisdictions can learn from rental property standards in New Zealand which go further in protecting the health and safety of tenants

What is a Community Land Trust?

AHURI Brief

27 Sep 2018

A unique form of shared property ownership that provides another affordable housing option

Where do households move over a lifetime? (continued)

AHURI Brief

19 Sep 2018

Examining Census data to understand where households move as they age towards retirement

Where do households move over a lifetime?

AHURI Brief

5 Sep 2018

Examining this ABS data brings to light a nuanced story of different households moving to specific areas at different times in their lives

When it comes to rental property standards, what can Australia learn from New Zealand?

AHURI Brief

22 Aug 2018

Australian jurisdictions can learn from rental property standards in New Zealand which go further in protecting the health and safety of tenants

Making social housing work for Indigenous households

AHURI Brief

2 Aug 2018

Indigenous housing should be compatible with cultural norms and practices

Understanding the risk of homelessness for young people exiting foster care

AHURI Brief

22 Jun 2018

Research shows that young people leaving out-of-home care suffer high levels of homelessness.

How does Australia compare when it comes to security of tenure for renters?

AHURI Brief

29 May 2018

There has been some debate about improving security of tenure for Australian renters. How does Australia's current regulation compare with other private rental sectors internationally?

What is the Housing First model and how does it help those experiencing homelessness?

AHURI Brief

25 May 2018

The Housing First model prioritises permanent, supported housing for individuals experiencing homelessness before other complex needs may be addressed

How much does raising a child add to housing costs?

AHURI Brief

16 May 2018

How much does raising a child add to a family's housing costs?

What's in the 2018 Budget for housing, homelessness and urban issues?

AHURI Brief

16 May 2018

The Australian Government has announced the details of the 2018–19 Federal Budget which includes a number of measures for housing, homelessness and urban issues

How are intergenerational wealth transfers impacting first home purchases in Australia?

AHURI Brief

2 May 2018

Just how many first home buyers are relying on intergenerational wealth transfers, either through cash transfers or through inheritance, and how are they benefiting?

How can landlords be incentivised to provide long term leases to low-income tenants

AHURI Brief

23 Apr 2018

AHURI research investigated implementing a ‘secure lease’ proposal whereby governments would offer private landlords a rent premium if they provided five-year leases for low income tenants

Which state/territory has experienced the greatest increase in rough sleepers?

AHURI Brief

17 Apr 2018

Across the categories of homelessness, rough sleeping often receives the most most media attention due to its public and confronting nature. Where has it increased the most?

Where has homelessness increased in Australia?

AHURI Brief

10 Apr 2018

The 2016 Census shows that the greatest number and percentage increases in homelessness between 2011 and 2016 occurred in NSW

How has homelessness changed between 2011–2016?

AHURI Brief

27 Mar 2018

The Census reveals a 13.7 per cent increase in the number of people experiencing homelessness and a large increase in elderly women presenting as homeless.

What are the contributors and barriers to downsizing?

AHURI Brief

19 Mar 2018

Government policies to encourage downsizing are focussed on stamp duty reductions for older households however research shows there are a wider range of contributors and barrier to downsizing.

Understanding mortgage stress

AHURI Brief

27 Feb 2018

‘Mortgage stress’, ‘rental stress’ and ‘housing affordability stress’ are terms often used in the media, but what do the terms really mean?

Understanding the housing continuum

AHURI Brief

21 Nov 2017

The term housing continuum is used broadly in the housing strategies of most Australian State and Territory governments, but what does the term really mean?

Why housing matters in the decentralisation debate

AHURI Brief

8 Nov 2017

What barriers prevent people from moving to rural and regional locations?

Despite energy saving upgrades, home owners spend more on power than renters

AHURI Brief

26 Oct 2017

In comparison to owner-occupier households, relatively few rental properties feature energy saving devices such as insulation or more solar panels. Despite this, renters still spend lass than home owners on energy.

Understanding 'demand sharing' of Indigenous households

AHURI Brief

18 Oct 2017

For agencies providing social housing to Indigenous Australians it is important to be sensitive to cultural practices that may be at odds with, or even conflict with, norms of social housing operation and management.

‘Rent to buy’ in the UK is something quite different in Australia

AHURI Brief

17 Oct 2017

In the UK, government ‘Rent to buy’ programs are ways to help lower income households to afford to buy a home. In Australia ‘Rent to buy’ contracts are very different arrangements and have even been banned by one state.

Could ‘Build to rent’ create affordable rental housing?

AHURI Brief

6 Oct 2017

‘Build to rent’ is the process whereby developers build multi-unit buildings and retain ownership of them to rent to tenant households.

What are Managed Investment Trusts and how can they finance affordable housing?

AHURI Brief

4 Oct 2017

The 2017 Budget introduced a tax measure to ‘stimulate affordable housing through Managed Investment Trusts’, but just what does the proposal offer?

Housing affordability stress: how much rent can lower income households afford?

AHURI Brief

19 Sep 2017

What can the 2016 Census tell us about the household incomes of households in the first (Q1) or second (Q2) quintile of Australia’s income distribution?

What is the link between domestic violence and homelessness?

AHURI Brief

15 Sep 2017

One aspect of the growing awareness in the community of the terrible costs and impacts of domestic and family is its impact on homelessness.

Do long-term residential leases result in long-term tenancies?

AHURI Brief

14 Sep 2017

What are the length of rental leases in Australia’s States and Territories, and what impact does extending the maximum length have on the take up of longer-term leases?

Public housing renewal and social mix

AHURI Brief

1 Sep 2017

Public housing renewal and social mix—what is the issue?

The skew of the new: lower priced housing left out of new housing supply

AHURI Brief

28 Aug 2017

Across Australia, the vast majority of new housing supply is priced in the most expensive price deciles

Census shows falling proportion of households in social housing

AHURI Brief

16 Aug 2017

The 2016 Census shows a continuing fall in the proportion of Australian households who live in social housing.

Census data shows fall in home ownership

AHURI Brief

3 Aug 2017

Outright home owners fell 10 percentage points between 1991 and 2016

Does building more houses fix affordability for low-income households?

AHURI Brief

26 Jul 2017

High house prices (particularly in Sydney and Melbourne) have led to calls for the easing of supply-side restrictions.

2016 Census reveals fewer households formed

AHURI Brief

27 Jun 2017

2016 Census reveals fewer households being formed between 2011 and 2016 than previously.

What is in the 2017–18 Budget for Australian cities?

AHURI Brief

31 May 2017

An examination of some of the 2017-18 Budget measures relevant to the Government’s Cities agenda

What is value capture?

AHURI Brief

23 May 2017

Understanding value capture and how it can fund infrastructure

What is in the 2017–18 Budget for housing and homelessness?

AHURI Brief

11 May 2017

A summary of the housing and homelessness measures in the 2017 Budget

What is the right level of social housing?

AHURI Brief

7 Apr 2017

What is the right level of social housing for Australia, compared with EU, USA, Canada and NZ?

What is a UK City Deal?

AHURI Brief

26 Apr 2017

The Australian Government is developing a City Deals program that is inspired by the UK Government’s City Deal model. But just what is a UK City Deal?

City Deals for Australian cities

AHURI Brief

18 Apr 2017

The Australian Government’s City Deals are a way for governments, industry and local communities to develop collective plans for growth and commit to the actions, investments, reforms and governance needed to implement them.

Understanding Inclusionary zoning

AHURI Brief

4 Apr 2017

Inclusionary zoning is a land use planning intervention by government that either mandates or creates incentives so that a proportion of a residential development includes a number of affordable housing dwellings.

Percentage of Australian households in social housing 2006 to 2016

AHURI Brief

17 Mar 2017

The proportion of Australian households living in social housing has fallen, 2006 to 2016.

What is a shared equity scheme?

AHURI Brief

16 Mar 2017

Shared equity schemes, whereby the home buyer shares the capital cost of purchasing a home with an equity partner, allows lower income homebuyers to buy sooner.

Explaining capital gains tax and negative gearing

AHURI Brief

6 Mar 2017

Understanding Australian property tax and modelling pathways for reform

Understanding the National Affordable Housing Agreement

AHURI Brief

1 Mar 2017

What are the stated objectives of the National Affordable Housing Agreement (NAHA) and the National Partnership Agreement on Homelessness (NPAH)?

How far are people traveling to work in Australia’s capital cities?

AHURI Brief

21 Feb 2017

As high income central city workers can afford to live closer to their workplace, they travel less distance to work than middle or lower income central city workers.

The economic importance of cities

AHURI Brief

15 Feb 2017

When compared with income in regional areas, the higher paid jobs cluster in Australia’s state and territory capital cities.

More workers catching the train in Australia's capital cities

AHURI Brief

7 Feb 2017

Between 2006 and 2011, trains recorded greatest increase in patronage of work commuters, although many more people drove in a private car to work.

What is a bond aggregator and how does it help build affordable housing?

AHURI Brief

30 Jan 2017

AHURI research into a bond aggregator model for affordable housing informs Treasurers’ affordable housing plan

Where are the well paid and less well paid jobs based in Australia’s capital cities?

AHURI Brief

25 Jan 2017

In Australia’s capital cities, the central city area does contain a greater proportion of high income workers than either middle or low income workers, although the vast majority of all jobs are located in the suburbs.

Australians buying their first home at an older age

AHURI Brief

10 Jan 2017

ABS Survey of Income and Housing reveals that households buying their first home are older than they were over a decade ago

Significant increase in mortgage costs identified by Treasurer

AHURI Brief

24 Nov 2016

Australian households increasingly spend more on mortgage payments

No homes for new households in Australia’s capital cities

AHURI Brief

22 Nov 2016

Since 2006 household growth in Australian cities has failed to keep up with population growth

Treasurer’s concerns for falling rates of home ownership

AHURI Brief

14 Nov 2016

Only one third of young Australians are home owners

Sydney's fastest growing regions 2005 to 2015

AHURI Brief

7 Nov 2016

The three regions of greater Sydney with greatest rate of population increase are Parramatta; City and inner south; and Blacktown.

AHURI research informs Treasurer’s speech

AHURI Brief

7 Nov 2016

The recent speech by the Treasurer Scott Morrison to the Urban Development Institute of Australia (UDIA) outlined the challenges face by home owners and would-be homeowners, and highlighted a number of findings from AHURI research.

Change in housing tenure for lower income Australian households

AHURI Brief

28 Sep 2016

Lower income households are living in less secure housing tenures

Home ownership is not necessarily a secure tenure

AHURI Brief

15 Sep 2016

One in five Australian home owners and buyers show instability in their housing tenure

Housing tenure by income level for Australian households

AHURI Brief

23 Aug 2016

In what tenure were households from each income level living in 2013-14?

Unaffordable rents in capital cities 2006 to 2011

AHURI Brief

1 Jul 2016

Private rental housing unaffordability increased by vastly different amounts in different cities over the time period 2006 to 2011.