What’s in the Federal Budget for housing, homelessness and cities?
An overview of the government’s spending in the delayed 2020-21 Budget
14 October 2020
The Australian Government released its 2020 Budget on October 6. In particular, the Budget is focussed on the impacts of the COVID–19 pandemic and the economic contraction that has caused for the community.
The Budget estimates for 2020–21 show increases in spending housing and cities programs.
|2019–20 ($m)||2020–21 ($m)|
|Urban and regional development||1,292||1,954|
Expenses for Housing are estimated to increase by 34.1 per cent in real terms from 2019–20 to 2020–21. The Housing section includes the Australian Government’s contribution to the National Housing and Homelessness Agreement, the provision of housing for the general public (e.g. in the time–limited, COVID response HomeBuilder program) and people with special needs, housing support through the National Housing Finance and Investment Corporation (NHFIC) and Defence Housing Australia (DHA) expenses.
The Urban and regional development section includes City and Regional Deals, services to territories and regional development programs, including Community Development Grants and the Building Better Regions Fund. Expenses are estimated to increase by 50.5 per cent in real terms from 2019–20 to 2020–21 reflecting a number of 2020–21 Budget measures, including Supporting Regional Australia, Community Development Grants — new projects, Extending the Stronger Communities Programme — round six, Services to Territories and the Perth City Deal.
Overview of key measures
The number of homebuyers who will be able to participate in the First Home Loan Deposit Scheme has been increased by 10,000 to 20,000 buyers for this financial year to June 2021.
The Scheme allows first home buyers to obtain a loan to build a new dwelling or purchase a newly built dwelling with a 5 per cent deposit.
As part of its COVID–19 Response Package, the Government will provide $680.0 million in 2020–21 for the HomeBuilder program to support jobs in the residential construction sector.
HomeBuilder will provide eligible owner–occupiers (including first home buyers) with a grant of $25,000 to build a new home or substantially rebuild an existing home where a contract was entered into between 4 June 2020 and 31 December 2020 and building commenced within three months of the contract date. HomeBuilder is limited to new homes worth less than $750,000 and to renovations of between $150,000 and $750,000 where the total value of the property is less than $1.5 million pre–renovation.
In 2020–21, the Australian Government will provide funding of $1.6 billion through the National Housing and Homelessness Agreement (NHHA)
In 2020–21 the distribution across states and territories is:
[Australian Government funding under the NHHA is ongoing and indexed by Wage Cost Index 1 (a 1.25% annual increase). The Australian Government’s contribution to homelessness funding will be matched by the states.]
Increase to capacity of the National Housing Finance and Investment Corporation
Previously the Australian Government has made available a line of credit for the NHFIC Affordable Housing Bond Aggregator (AHBA) so as to attract institutional investment to increase the supply of affordable housing owned by community housing providers (CHPs). In essence, the Australian Government guarantees the due payment of money payable by NHFIC to any entity other than the Government.
In the 2020–21 Budget the Government is increasing NHFIC’s cap on total guaranteed liabilities by an additional $1 billion to $3 billion.
The Government will also undertake an independent review of the NHFIC to establish whether it is meeting its objectives of improving housing outcomes for Australians.
Indigenous and remote area housing
This funding supports the delivery of new houses, housing refurbishments and housing–related infrastructure. It also provides incentives to establish more sustainable housing systems in remote Indigenous communities.
The Queensland component is part of the agreement reached with the Queensland Government to assume full responsibility for housing in remote communities.
The remote Australia strategies component provides funding to improve public housing in remote communities by investing in housing works and removing asbestos from community buildings
This funding complements the funding provided under the agreement on remote housing.
The Government will provide an equity injection of $150.0 million over three years from 2020–21 to Indigenous Business Australia for new housing construction loans in regional Australia through its Indigenous Home Ownership Program.
This will help Indigenous Australians into home ownership and support the construction sector in the regions, while also providing an immediate, targeted fiscal stimulus to regional Australia by injecting liquidity into the financial and construction sector and generating positive flow–on effects for regional businesses.
The Australian Government will provide funding to state governments to trial social impact investments which aim to assist vulnerable priority groups and to help young people at risk of homelessness.
|Vulnerable priority groups||0.5||1.1||0.5||0.5|
|Youth at risk of homelessness||0.5||1.1||0.5||0.5|
The Commonwealth is already delivering City Deals in Townsville, Launceston, Western Sydney, Darwin, Hobart, Geelong and Adelaide. In addition the Government is providing $327.5 million over 11 years from 2020–21 to the Perth City Deal to support long–term growth by attracting people back into the city.
This City Deal includes:
- $245.0 million to relocate the Edith Cowan University campus into the Perth CBD
- $47.5 million for a CBD Transport Plan to improve cycling and walking infrastructure, bus stop accessibility and safety in Perth’s CBD
- $30.0 million to extend the Perth Concert Hall, upgrade the Perth Cultural Centre precinct and to fund homelessness projects in the Perth CBD
- $2.0 million to support the development of preliminary designs for the Noongar Indigenous Cultural Centre.
Funding for this measure has already been provided for by the Government.
|Adelaide City Deal||10.8||27.0||23.0||90.0|
|Albury Wodonga Regional Deal||3.2||-||-||-|
|Barkly Regional Deal||8.4||8.4||6.8||-|
|Darwin City Deal||45.0||27.3||-||-|
|Geelong City Deal||81.8||56.6||32.7||4.5|
|Hinkler Regional Deal||10.8||-||-||-|
|Launceston City Deal||8.8||12.4||16.3||7.6|
|Perth City Deal||36.8||77.8||63.7||59.0|
|Townsville City Deal||175.0||75.0||20.0||-|
|Western Sydney City Deal||42.8||18.1||-||-|
The Budget included an increase on infrastructure spending from $100 billion to $110 billion over the next 10 years. This includes a COVID-19 infrastructure package that will provide significant near-term investments in major road and rail projects, road safety and community infrastructure.
The Budget will fund major projects across each state and includes a $2 billion investment in road safety upgrades.