This research provides evidence from case studies of homelessness services into how services supporting those experiencing homelessness are funded, and how different forms and levels of funding impact on the delivery of homelessness assistance. This evidence is based on nine case studies focused on different service models, organisational forms and potential new ways of funding services for the homeless.
This report is one of three reports which form part of an AHURI Inquiry into the funding and delivery of programs to reduce homelessness.
Sources of non-government funding outside of the Specialist Homelessness Services budget are unlikely to provide a significant contribution to reducing homelessness in the foreseeable future: the funds raised are relatively small; they are used to supplement/complement mainstream services; raising funds requires the allocation of resources, particular skills, intensive time and energy.
There is some evidence of social enterprise development but usually for ancillary activities and services such as revenue raising in an associated area of expertise and, employment services for those who are experiencing homelessness.
Social impact bonds are a growing area, but for much wider application this will require a more sophisticated and rigorous approach to outcomes measurement. Partnership arrangements are an important alternative where agencies do not have the funds or expertise to deliver an integrated suite of homelessness services.