AHURI RESEARCH

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Access research on Australian housing and related urban topics

AHURI's catalogue of research includes hundreds of final reports from research conducted by a network of Australian universities and international researchers.

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  1. Inquiry into social impact investment for housing and homelessness outcomes

    Author(s): Kristy Muir; Fabienne Michaux; Andrea Sharam; Paul Flatau; Ariella Meltzer; Michael Moran; Richard Heaney; Gill North; Suzanne Findlay; Eileen Webb; Chris Mason; Wendy Stone; Libby Ward-Christie; Kaylene Zaretzky; Ioana Ramia

    Description: This research investigated Social impact investment (SII), which aims to generate and actively measure social and financial returns. There are several promising SII models—including housing supply bonds, property funds, funding social enterprises, social impact bonds and social impact loans. Effective SII requires suppliers of goods and services, intermediaries, suppliers of capital, government and beneficiaries to work together.

    Type: research

    Muir, K., Michaux, F., Sharam, A., Flatau, P., Meltzer, A., Moran, M., Heaney, R., North, G., Findlay, S., Webb, E., Mason, C., Stone, W., Ward-Christie, L., Zaretzky, K. and Ramia, I. (2018) Inquiry into social impact investment for housing and homelessness outcomes, AHURI Final Report No. 299, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited, Melbourne, https://www.ahuri.edu.au/research/final-reports/299

  2. Asset portfolio retirement decisions: the role of the tax and transfer system

    Author(s): Stephen Whelan; Kadir Atalay; Lachlan Dynan

    Description: This study examined how Australia’s tax and transfer system, especially in relation to the Age Pension, impacts on household retirement choices. As the population ages, fiscal challenges created when many individuals retire from working and paying tax to drawing government funded benefits and services present some stark policy choices. Understanding how retirement decisions are shaped by the tax and transfer system is essential to developing a system that allocates resources efficiently across the economy, is consistent with principles of equity and is sustainable. Any such tax system is likely to have important implications for housing choices and housing markets.

    Type: research

    Whelan, S., Atalay, K., Dynan, L. (2018) Asset portfolio retirement decisions: the role of the tax and transfer system, AHURI Final Report No. 298, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited, Melbourne, https://www.ahuri.edu.au/research/final-reports/298

  3. Housing for people with disability: evidence review of post-occupancy evaluation instruments

    Author(s): Alex Wilkinson; Nicola Brackertz; Michael Fotheringham; Di Winkler

    Description: Review and analysis of the evidence on post-occupancy evaluation (POE) instruments suited to assessing dwellings for people with disability who require high levels of physical support.

    Type: research

    Wilkinson, A., Brackertz, N., Fotheringham, M., Winkler, D. (2018) Housing for people with disability: evidence review of post-occupancy evaluation instruments, AHURI Research Paper No. , Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited, Melbourne, https://www.ahuri.edu.au/research/research-papers/housing-for-people-with-disability-evidence-review-of-post-occupancy-evaluation-instruments

  4. Supporting affordable housing supply: inclusionary planning in new and renewing communities

    Author(s): Nicole Gurran; Catherine Gilbert; Kenneth Gibb; Ryan van den Nouwelant; Amity James; Peter Phibbs

    Description: This study examined how planning mechanisms support affordable housing supply in Australia and overseas. In England 43 per cent of affordable housing built in 2015–16 (12,866 units) were delivered due to inclusionary planning requirements, while more than 500 cities in the United States have inclusionary zoning or impact fee requirements to supply affordable housing. In Australia planning systems can support affordable housing supply, but additional funding or subsidy is usually required to produce homes affordable to those on low and very low incomes.

    Type: research

    Gurran, N., Gilbert, C., Gibb, K., van den Nouwelant, R., James, A. and Phibbs, P. (2018) Supporting affordable housing supply: inclusionary planning in new and renewing communities, AHURI Final Report No. 297, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited, Melbourne, https://www.ahuri.edu.au/research/final-reports/297

  5. Private rental in transition: institutional change, technology and innovation in Australia

    Author(s): Kath Hulse; Chris Martin; Amity James; Wendy Stone

    Description: This study is a comprehensive analysis of the Australian private rental sector and its institutions. It explores the interplay between regulation; organisations and structures; and social norms and practices of prevailing policies. It also explores the impact of innovation and digital technology.

    Type: research

    Hulse, K., Martin, C., James, A. and Stone, W. (2018) Private rental in transition: institutional change, technology and innovation in Australia, AHURI Final Report No. 296, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited, Melbourne, https://www.ahuri.edu.au/research/final-reports/296

  6. The income tax treatment of housing assets: an assessment of proposed reform arrangements

    Author(s): Alan Duncan; Helen Hodgson; John Minas; Rachel Ong; Richard Seymour

    Description: This research models several politically acceptable pathways to reform negative gearing and CGT so as to reduce impacts on less sophisticated property investors. Two reform models— a rental deduction cap of $5,000 and a progressive rental deduction based on income—could lead to savings of over $1.7 billion each. Both are progressive in nature, reducing tax savings from negative gearing as tax assessable income increases.

    Type: research

    Duncan, A.S., Hodgson, H., Minas, J., Ong-Viforj, R. and Seymour, R. (2018) The income tax treatment of housing assets: an assessment of proposed reform arrangements, AHURI Final Report No. 295, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited, Melbourne, https://www.ahuri.edu.au/research/final-reports/295

  7. Understanding opportunities for social impact investment in the development of affordable housing

    Author(s): Andrea Sharam; Michael Moran; Chris Mason; Wendy Stone; Suzanne Findlay

    Description: This research examined social impact investment (SII) in social and affordable housing in Australia. It considered US and UK models, together with interviews with government experts, social impact investors and not-for-profit housing providers, to inform the analysis. In Australia, the funding gap between tenants’ capacity to pay and the cost of providing housing is the most significant barrier to SII.

    Type: research

    Sharam, A., Moran, M., Mason, C. Stone, W. and Findlay, S. (2018) Understanding opportunities for social impact investment in the development of affordable housing, AHURI Final Report No. 294, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited, Melbourne, https://www.ahuri.edu.au/research/final-reports/294

  8. Paying for affordable housing in different market contexts

    Author(s): Bill Randolph; Laurence Troy; Vivienne Milligan; Ryan van den Nouwelant

    Description: This study analysed recently completed affordable housing developments across Australia to ascertain how affordable housing project costs, revenues and subsidies interact. The research reveals the diverse funding arrangements adopted by providers, which have resulted in affordable housing project outcomes being driven by funding opportunities rather than by defined housing needs, and identified six key lessons about financing affordable housing.

    Type: research

    Randolph, B., Troy, L., Milligan, V. and van den Nouwelant, R. (2018) Paying for affordable housing in different market contexts, AHURI Final Report No. 293, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited, Melbourne, https://www.ahuri.edu.au/research/final-reports/293

  9. The changing institutions of private rental housing: an international review

    Author(s): Chris Martin; Kath Hulse; Hal Pawson

    Description: This study investigated the private rental sector policy settings and institutions relevant to Australia in 10 countries in Australasia, Europe and North America, with a detailed review of the sectors in Germany, Ireland, the United Kingdom and United States. The research investigated the international experience of housing and impact of broader economic systems, financial settings, landlord and tenancy structures and regulation in the reference countries.

    Type: research

    Martin, C., Hulse, K. and Pawson, H. with Hayden, A., Kofner, S., Schwartz, A. and Stephens, M. (2018) The changing institutions of private rental housing: an international review, AHURI Final Report No. 292, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited, Melbourne, https://www.ahuri.edu.au/research/final-reports/292

  10. Pathways to state property tax reform

    Author(s): Richard Eccleston; Neil Warren; Julia Verdouw; Kathleen Flanagan

    Description: Reforming state and local government property taxes can contribute to a fairer and more sustainable housing system as well as delivering additional economic and social dividends. This research proposed a nationally coordinated incremental strategy with clearly defined short, medium and long-term objectives, including administrative reforms; a simpler and fairer revenue neutral transfer duty; and replacing transfer duties with a broad-based recurrent property tax.

    Type: research

    Eccleston, R., Warren, N., Verdouw, J. and Flanagan, K. (2017) Pathways to state property tax reform, AHURI Final Report No. 291, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited, Melbourne, https://www.ahuri.edu.au/research/final-reports/291

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