This Brief investigates urban policies that have used place-based approaches with liveability, community wellbeing and healthy places as stated objectives, and reinforce the role of active community engagement.
Australia is a highly urbanised nation with around two-thirds of the population living in a city. Population growth is concentrated in Australia’s major capital cities, with growth rates of 1.8 per cent between 2018 and 2019 being significantly higher in capital cities than in the rest of the nation (which grew by 1.0 per cent on average and had some areas experiencing population decline in 2018).
Over seventeen million Australians—around 67 per cent of the total population—live in the nation’s capital cities. Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane (our largest cities) are growing most rapidly, with Melbourne’s population increasing by 2.3% in 2018-19, followed closely by Brisbane (2.1%) and Sydney (1.7%); across all capital cities the population grew by 1.8%.
The sudden hard lockdown of nine Victorian Government-managed public housing towers during the current COVID-19 pandemic in order to prevent the spread of the disease has raised issues about the responsibilities of social landlords in supporting vulnerable tenants.
The COVID-19 pandemic is affecting Australia in many different ways, with the implications for cities and housing markets likely to be significant.
Before the pandemic, immigration fuelled the growth of Australia’s largest cities, with Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney among the fastest growing urban places in the OECD.